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Seat Leakage Classifications
Star: Post Date:2013/02/26 Click Count:2834 Author:Our Site Source:Plant Maintenance Resource Center

Control valves are designed to throttle. However, this is not a perfect world, and control valves are also usually expected to provide some type of shut-off capability. A control valves ability to shut off has to do with many factors. The type of valves for instance. A double-seated control valve will usually have very poor shut-off capability. The guiding, seat material, actuator thrust, pressure drop, and the type of fluid can all play a part in how well a particular control valve shuts off.


There are actually six different seat leakage classifications as defined by ANSI/FCI 70-2-1976. But for the most part you will be concerned with just two of them: CLASS IV and CLASS VI. CLASS IV is also known as METAL TO METAL. It is the kind of leakage rate you can expect from a valve with a metal plug and metal seat. CLASS VI is known as a SOFT SEAT classification. SOFT SEAT VALVES are those where either the plug or seat or both are made from some kind of composition material such as Teflon.


Valve Leakage Classifications


Class I. Identical to Class II, III, and IV in construction and design intent, but no actual shop test is made.


Class II. Intended for double-port or balanced singe-port valves with a metal piston ring seal and metal-to-metal seats. Air or water at 45 to 60 psig is the test fluid. Allowable leakage is 0.5% of the rated full open capacity.


Class III. Intended for the same types of valves as in Class II. Allowable leakage is limited to 0.1% of rated valve capacity.


Class IV. Intended for single-port and balanced single-port valves with extra-tight piston seals and metal-to-metal seats. Leakage rate is limited to 0.01% of rated valve capacity.


Class V. Intended for the same types of valves as Class IV. The test fluid is water at 100 psig or operating pressure. Leakage allowed is limited to 5 X 10 ml per minute per inch of orifice diameter per psi differential.


Class VI. Intended for resilient-seating valves. The test fluid is air or nitrogen. Pressure is the lesser of 50 psig or operating pressure. The leakage limit depends on valve size and ranges from 0.15 to 6.75 ml per minute for valve sizes 1 through 8 inches.



       Nominal Port Diameter                                     Allowable Leakage  


(ml Per Minute) 

 (*Bubbles Per Minute)































Bubbles per minute as tabulated are a suggested alternative based on a suitable calibrated measuring device, in this case a 0.25-inch O.D. X 0.032-inch wall tube submerged in water to a depth of from 1/8 to 1/4 inch. The tube end shall be cut square and smooth with no chamfers or burrs. The tube axis shall be perpendicular to the surface of the water. Other measuring devices may be constructed and the number of bubbles per minute may differ from those shown as long as they correctly indicate the flow in milliliters per minute.







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